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Památky v Istanbulu: Navštivte Modrou mešitu nebo Harém v paláci Topkapi

2. září 2013

Istanbul je kosmopolitní metropolí Turecka. Ačkoli není hlavním městem, je bezesporu tím nejnavštěvovanějším. Město se rozkládá na dvou kontinentech, v Evropě a Asii.

Památky v Istanbulu: Navštivte Modrou mešitu nebo Harém v paláci TopkapiPamátky v Istanbulu: Navštivte Modrou mešitu nebo Harém v paláci Topkapi

V Istanbulu se setkáte s mnoha druhy kultur, lidé odlišného vyznání i jazykových znalostí tu žijí v klidu a symbióze. Navštivte proto při své dovolené v Turecku Istanbul a podívejte se alespoň na tyto jeho nejvýznamnější památky.

Modrá mešita

Modrá mešita je asi nejvyhledávanější památkou Istanbulu. Postavena byla asi v 16. století a stále slouží ke svým účelům. Má šest minaretů a nachází se poblíž původního římského závodiště. Vstup do ní je bezplatný.

Své jméno mešita získala podle obložení stěn fajánsovými dlaždicemi v modré barvě. Sloupy jsou z alabastru, ze stropu visí drahé a bohaté lustry.

Při vstupu do mešity je nutné zout boty. Musíte mít také vhodné oblečení, tedy ženy zahalenou hlavu, ramena a sukni alespoň po kolena. Muži v šortkách také nebudou vpuštěni.

Chrám Hagia Sofia

Přímo naproti Modré mešitě se nachází další významná památka, a to Hagia Sofia. Chrám Boží moudrosti je starý více než 1400 let a patří k nejhezčím stavbám nejen v Turecku.

Stěny Hagia Sofia pokrývá šest druhů mramorových desek. Na podlaze uvidíte fresky jak muslimské, tak křesťanské. V chrámu je také i vidění více než 107 sloupů, z nichž některé pochází z Efezu. Vstupné do Hagia Sofia je 10 YTL.

Palác Topkapi

Palác Topkapi byl hlavním sídlem osmanských sultánů po 400 let. Obklopují ho téměř 4 km dlouhé hradby. Plocha, na níž palác stojí, je velká více než 700 tisíc m2. Stavba pochází z 15. století a má čtyři nádvoří. V době, kdy byla Osmanská říše na vrcholu, tu žilo neuvěřitelných 5 000 lidí.

Součástí paláce je také Harém, kterým údajně prošlo na 500 dívek. Ty sem přicházely ve věku 5-6 let a byly zde vychovávány. Dnes slouží palác Topkapi jako muzeum. Prohlédnout si tu můžete vzácné klenoty, sbírku miniatur nebo porcelán z různých zemí světa. Vstupné činí 10 YTL do paláce a 10 YTL do Harému.

Linkuj.cz!

Autor: Veronika Haláková

Autorka žije v Plzni, kde vystudovala Kulturní a sociální antropologii. Ve volném čase se kromě cestování věnuje jízdě na koni, hudbě a svým psům. Kontaktovat ji můžete přes Google+

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