Destinace, rady na cesty, tipy na zájezd
Dovolená na Krétě pro milovníky historie16. červenec 2014
Když se řekne Kréta, většinou se všem vybaví král Mínos, labyrint a Mínotaurus. Ať už legenda praví cokoli, jisté je, že zde doteď nalezneme pozůstatky paláce s labyrintem odkazující na vyspělou mínojskou kulturu. Vykopávky v Knossu, nejstarším městě Kréty, odhalují královský palác. Komplikovaný půdorys vede mnohé k domněnce, že se jedná právě o známý mínojský labyrint. Knossos ovšem není jediným místem na ostrově, který v sobě ukrývá historické památky, které by stály za to navštívit.
Na severním pobřeží Kréty leží město Chaniá založené Benátčany. Staré město má zachovalé městské hradby, benátský přístav a gotický kostel San Lorenzo, který však neplní svou původní funkci. Dnes je v kostele archeologické muzeum s dórskými nálezy. Za prohlídku stojí také kostel San Salvatore ze 16. století, janičářská mešita a nakonec překrásné patricijské domy s tržnicí. Milovníky historie bude zajímat Historický archiv s různými dokumenty, ikonami a zbraněmi.
Chaniá je také dobrým strategickým bodem pro výlety. Východně asi šest kilometrů u Maráthi leží zbytky antického města Minoa. Šestnáct kilometrů od Chanie se nachází vojenský hřbitov. Zahrnuje přes 4000 hrobů vojáků padnuvších při okupaci Kréty roku 1941. A konečně z Chanie se dá vyrazit na poloostrov Akrotiri, kde stojí nádherné kláštery Agia triáda a klášter Guvernéto.
Třetí největší město Kréty Réthimnon v sobě kloubí několik kultur. Zvlášť silný otisk zde zanechali Benátčani a Turci. Při prohlídce starého města vám určitě neuniknou benátské paláce, ale i turecké domy se zastřešenými balkony a malé mešity. O historii města se více dozvíte v Městském muzeu.
Iraklio neboli Heraklion největší město ostrova. Sídlí zde správa ostrova i ortodoxní arcibiskup. Heraklion byl ve starověku důležitým přístavem a tím zůstal dodnes. Mezi hlavní pozoruhodnosti patří Archeologické muzeum. Obsahuje nálezy z paláců v Knossu, Festu, Agia Triada.
Autor: Marie Cimburková
Autorka se narodila ve Vyškově, žila v Jeseníkách, studovala v Hradci Králové i ve městě Coimbra v Portugalsku a nyní bydlí v Praze. Vystudovala Pedagogickou fakultu, obor Český jazyk a literatura a Základy společenských věd. Ráda cestuje, čte, tvoří, podniká výlety do přírody a miluje horskou turistiku
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